Photoshop How-To: Adding Bleeds and Crop Marks
Page-layout programs, such as Adobe InDesign, and illustration programs, like Adobe Illustrator, can easily handle "bleeds" and can automatically place crop marks. In Adobe Photoshop, you can use Print with Preview's crop marks and bleed options, or you can create the crop marks manually. Crop marks indicate where a page will be cut (or trimmed) after printing. When artwork is supposed to extend all the way to the edge of the printed page after cropping, it's common to use a "bleed." By extending the ink past the crop mark, you ensure that minor errors in registration or trimming don't produce an unsightly white line along the edge of the artwork. Consider, if you will, the difference between these two advertising cards. The lower example has an error in either registration or trim, leaving a white area along the right edge.
Creating a bleed requires some advance planning. To produce the 4-x-6-inch advertising cards shown above requires a canvas slightly larger than 4 x 6 inches to accommodate the bleed area. Your print shop can tell you the bleed size required. Photoshop's Print with Preview permits bleeds to 0.125 inch but you can produce larger bleeds manually. For a 0.125 inch bleed all around the artwork, you'll need to work with a canvas size one-quarter inch wider and taller that the artwork itself. In this case, the 4-x-6 cards will be produced on a 4.25-x-6.25 canvas. Use Guides to indicate the actual artwork area while working.
TIP: Photoshop's menu command View > New Guide enables you to place guides numerically, ensuring precision. When ready to output, use Photoshop's File > Print with Preview command. In the Print with Preview dialog box, check the box "Show More Options." In the Output area, check the "Corner Crop Marks" box, then click the Bleed button. You can specify a bleed from 0.0 to 0.125 inches. When the page is printed, the crop marks will be moved inward the specified distance.
But what if your printer requires a bleed larger than 0.125 inches? You can create the crop marks manually. Zoom way in, make a rectangular selection based on the guides, then use the menu command Edit > Stroke. (In this example, the Pencil tool was used with a one-pixel brush and the Centered option was selected in the Stroke dialog box.) The innermost horizontal and vertical lines can be used as the crop marks.
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